• Do you think your problem is related to memory, more than anyone else?
  • Is your mind clear of old?
  • Did you leave a large part of your daily effort and attention?
  • To force your manager to start the new bill?
  • Do you have difficulty being concentrated?
  • Are you having trouble deciding?
  • All signs of forgetfulness harbinger of dementia in older sturdy?
  • Dementia (dementia) What is it?

Brain cells are symptoms of the disease leads to damage and loss.

Loss of brain cells in normal aging is a normal process, but if this loss amount and rate increases brain becomes unable to fulfill its normal function and dementia occurs.
Dementia is a syndrome that is severe enough to affect the individual’s professional and social activities of the deterioration in mental abilities.

What is normal mental aging?

Mild cognitive impairment is the only person missing is a process, not significantly affect daily life.

Dementia, which affects mental functions?

Dementia memory (memory), attention, concentration, planning, thinking, speaking again as it affects mental functions such as human behavior is a function of the brain, which affects their emotions.

What are the most common symptoms of dementia?

  • Memory loss and other activities affecting the occupational skills
  • Known and difficulty in making things simple
  • Problems with language
  • Orientation corruption
  • Impairment of judgment
  • Problems with abstract thinking
  • Constantly be put to the wrong place personal belongings
  • Mood and changes in affect
  • Personality changes

What is Alzheimer’s Disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia. In particular, it is a disease characterized by progressive irreversible damage of brain cells memory. The most common signs of memory loss, slurred speech, difficulty in performing complex tasks, deterioration in time and space perception, loss of body and facial recognition abilities, difficulties in determining road-direction, depression, personality and behavioral changes.

Alzheimer’s disease is not connected to dementia (dementia) What are the causes?

  • Diseases of the brain vessels
  • Cancer
  • Internal diseases (liver and kidney diseases, such as thyroid disease)
  • Exposure to brain coup
  • Alcohol use
  • Meningitis
  • Use of certain drugs
  • Disorders related to nutrition
  • Psychiatric disorders

Does it lead to dementia, vascular diseases of the brain?

Cerebrovascular diseases are known in blood supply caused by brain deterioration may cause forgetfulness. Brain’s important mental functions occur in the vascular occlusion regions and take first in the older age increase in the number of these blockages, even if there appears to be one of the common causes of dementia. outside the congestion of the brain’s major blood vessel from the heart to the brain clot throw, have control of small vessels atherosclerosis is repetitive resulting quiet small blood clots that may develop even brain hemorrhage, vascular inflammation, blood supply disorders in the developing results of cardiac surgery, heart or brain, causing a decline in mental function

What is it that causes Alzheimer’s disease?

Today widely researched answer to this issue is quite complicated and is not tied to a single cause, is thought to have developed under the influence of a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Alzheimer’s patients have a family history of dementia in about 30%. However, genetic factors are not sufficient alone. is also known that Alzheimer’s disease in many patients family. developing unexpected changes resulting from mutations in a single gene or chromosome, especially in some parts of the 65 years prior to starting early onset, family history of Alzheimer’s disease are effective. inflammatory response in the brain, such as attention is focused on the mechanisms of failure to provide the energy requirements of the brain cells. Other factors that facilitate the emergence of the disease genetic factors are outside.

Age: Alzheimer’s total number and frequency of newly diagnosed patients shows a significant increase with age. After 65 years, the incidence of disease is increasing twice 5 years. However, Alzheimer’s disease is not a natural part of aging, Alzheimer’s disease, but the effects of aging are accepted view that increasing the development.

Gender: women in this study than men of developing Alzheimer’s disease are much more frequent. of these women compared to men it is associated with longer life expectancy.

Education: the view that may be protective against Alzheimer’s disease are reported to the higher education level. The incidence of the disease is increasing in the low level of education.

Head Trauma: a serious blow to the head is considered to be a risk factor for the disease.

Other risk factors: blood pressure, blood lipids height, such as diabetes, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) risk factors are thought to increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Depression is reported adverse effects. They are many risk factors that are outside the current investigation.

How is the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is not a single definitive test, a series of tests and evaluations as diagnosed by exclusion of other causes of dementia, the results are placed. Dementia (dementia) with the applicant and with Alzheimer’s disease physician diagnosis of patients with suspected them is of importance to the arrival of first-degree relatives who are interested. Because what extent determine whether the loss of the patient’s daily activities, domestic activities, financial condition, management, social relations, personality is important for caregivers to understand the views of whether any changes. to assess the health status of the patient to investigate the presence of other diseases causing dementia is important. Mental status assessment; memory, logic, executive ability, problem-solving involves providing a series of tests to assess their language skills. coordination of muscle movements, as well as general skills are tested with neurological conditions. Another aspect of the psychiatric evaluation is an examination of whether the person is depressed, general behavior, sensation, perception investigate the existence disorder. During the course of the disease outside the patient’s mental deterioration and leaving the difficult situation in close, frequent psychiatric symptoms that are sometimes quite difficult to deal with. These; aggression, anger or nervousness, anxiety or low mood, lakaytlık, obsessive beliefs, suspiciousness, dream, vision, or misperceptions, goods storage, restlessness and wander aimlessly, sleep disorders, stubbornness, include behavioral and emotional changes, such as lack of cooperation. Computerized tomography or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is important in terms of supporting the diagnosis, it is also important to show the brain-vascular disease. The presence of other causes blood analysis should be investigated.

How is the course of Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is a disease of progressive nature. The mean duration of disease of approximately 8 years. However, limits are wide and depends on many factors such as initial age and general health status. Later onset and patients in good general health, the process is longer. Patients do not have the same clinical outcome. Age, gender, general health status, genetic phenomenon, cultural and social conditions also affect the course of disease.

Showing the stages and symptoms in dementia process and one of the scales used by doctors today are listed below.

Global Deterioration Scale

Phase 1: Normal


  • There is no mental loss.
  • There are no complaints about the memory and does not reveal any evidence during the interview.

Stage 2: Forgetfulness


  • Subjective complaints related to memory impairment, most commonly recognized as objects to forget where you put it and already well-known names.
  • Results to move because of worries.
  • Failure detection of memory impairment objective findings at a meeting with the doctor.
  • Lack of corruption-related work and social affairs.

Stage 3: Mild Mental Disorders


  • The patient has one or more of the following symptoms.
  • Patients can get lost wandering in an unfamiliar area.
  • Relatives of the patients are aware of the forgetfulness and poor performance.
  • Patients can learn when you read a book, relatively little information.
  • It may be forced to learn their names when introduced to new people.
  • Patients can lose a valuable object or misplaced.
  • It can lack the concentrations tested.
  • Despite these findings, the patient can continue his everyday life without depending on anyone at this stage.

Stage 4: Moderate Mental Disorders


Lack of knowledge of current or recent events.

Inability to recall information about himself.

Difficulty in managing financial matters.

Lack of concentration in the serial sticker.

Failure to implement complex tasks.

To deny the state of unawareness of the degree of forgetfulness or forgetfulness.

Dull the feelings and escape from a difficult situation.

Patients usually at this stage of the recognition of familiar persons and faces in the current knowledge of the time, they do not have a problem with the ability to navigate through familiar territory.

Stage 5: Mid-Serious Mental Disorders


Patients can not live without help.

Patients can not remember outlined on the daily life during the interview (names of family members, such as the name of the school they graduated).

Frequently when (date, day of week, season) or deterioration in the current space of awareness.

An educated person 4 backwards from 40 or 20 reverse 2-up, 2’şer may have difficulty counting.

Every time their names, they usually know the names of spouses and children. Toilets need or want help during eating, but they may be difficult to choose the appropriate clothes to wear.

Stage 6: Severe Mental Decline


  • Totally dependent groove to live can sometimes forget the names of their spouses.
  • Life in largely unaware of the new events and experiences.
  • They protect some information about past lives, but this information is missing.
  • Environment, years, are usually aware of the season.
  • 10 from backward and sometimes have difficulty counting forward.
  • They need help with activities of daily living.
  • Urinary incontinence can begin.
  • Personality and emotional changes can be: anger, resentment, blaming, irritability, violent behavior, hallucinations.

Stage 7: Very severe cognitive decline


  • All verbal abilities are lost, can not talk, can enjoy audio only.
  • Urine, faecal incontinence.
  • Unable to walk, unable to swallow, to be attached to the bed.
  • In summary it can not tell you what to do to come into the body of the brain case.

Depression to dementia

Dementia in the elderly (dementia) with clinical depression most cases can be confused. The prevalence of depression was significantly higher in the older age groups.

Depression attention, sustaining attention and concentration that appears to affect the ability to significantly reduce the memory as secondary. Dementia patients often bring in a family doctor. However, against the patient’s forgetfulness it is full of insights into the process of depression. Depression is often shorter time, and typically have a different start points of most causes of dementia.

Dementia, depression, relationships can be in three ways; indeed also felt confused with dementia to depression, dementia and depression can be seen in the table is further aggravated. Other than that facilitates the development of dementia depression lasted long. All the prevention of depression in old age for these reasons it is important to protect intellectual functions.

Dementia (dementia) Is there a cure?

Today, due to causes other than Alzheimer’s disease and dementia may be reversible with treatment.

Many years were considered to be an incurable disease is Alzheimer’s disease. Family-based education and intervention in the 1990s, but still continued to be an important part of the therapy options that may be useful depending on the occurrence of specific treatment of the disease is slightly enlarged. Main points Alzheimer’s disease; if untreated, progressive, life is addictive and terminating a disease, clinically very significant improvement even without causing a slowing down the progression of the disease or benefits delaying treatment processes. The delay symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, especially in patients with known disease early, drugs that slow the dementia process is used.

In this role, particularly in the area of mental functioning mechanism of action is based on treatment to slow down the death of brain cells.

Alzheimer’s disease in the art including, but not a definitive treatment known in the world takes many promising work.

control of environmental factors in therapy, it is important to provide social support. Alzheimer’s disease gradually Corruption and communicate with people in social isolation and sensory deprivation, patient results in lack of both leads to a faster decline in their mental function and meeting basic human needs. In the early stages, books, read newspapers, to support mental functions such as mental function is a positive contribution to solving the puzzle. Relatives as they could support each business, it is important to ensure that they are busy with their daily activities and chores. the ability of the person is required to support the long-term conservation plan to do as much as possible. feelings of worthlessness are developing in people with life dependent on others during maintenance. Therefore, ensure that the opportunity to do something for themselves and convenience to our patients, and keeps them away from the feeling of helplessness can reduce the workload of both the immediate caregivers. Peaceful, quiet and plain environment, allows people to use their skills in the best way.

Get help

Alzheimer’s is a grueling task to look for someone suffering from the disease. Therefore, the disease will be received for the deal you need to get any kind of help. Among people do not have a problem even medically treatable illness or may help improve aspects will be taken to deal with the situation of caregivers.

In this sense, it is important to physicians and institutions in collaboration with the patient monitors. Apart from this, Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia syndromes dealing with health staff, patients, their relatives and can be co-founded in 1997 by volunteers with the Alzheimer’s Association. These associations; The development of consciousness disease, ensuring the recognition of the disease in the population, supporting patients and their relatives, preparing the ground for self-help, better informed and care provision, improvement of scientific research on this subject and is intended to support.