What are Endocrinology and the Endocrine System?


The system formed by the endocrine glands that provide communication between organs, tissues, and cells in the body and produce the tools we call "hormones"


Hormones are special chemical compounds that adjust the internal balance of the body and the appropriate response to external stimuli.


Hormones control reproduction, growth, development, response to stress, blood pressure, body temperature, perception of time, and metabolism.


Endocrinology: The Science of Hormones


Pituitary, hypothalamus, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, ovaries, testicles, adrenal glands, and placenta are the main endocrine organs. The endothelial cells and adipose tissue lining the inner surface of the vessels and large tissue areas also perform important endocrine functions. The Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases diagnoses and treats disorders and diseases of this system.


Academic Hospital Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism


Specialized physicians carry out the diagnosis and treatment of endocrinology diseases. Physical examination, laboratory, advanced tests (such as genetic tests and biopsies), and imaging methods (such as ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance, and scintigraphy) are used in the diagnosis of diseases.


Which Diseases Does the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism Deal With?


Diseases of glucose metabolism:


Diabetes is the most important disease under this title. It forms the group of diseases most closely followed by endocrinologists.


Prediabetes is the name given to the condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.


Hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) is also a very common glucose metabolism problem. The patient's quality of life can be improved as a result of the diagnosis and treatment.


Pituitary gland diseases:


Diseases of this gland, which is located near the base of the brain, behind the nose, and is the chief of the endocrine system, are also seen quite frequently. Hormone levels measurement and imaging methods are used for diagnosis in conditions such as growth and development retardation, acromegaly, high prolactin, sexual functions and reproductive health in men and women.


Obesity and nutritional problems:


Obesity, also known as overweight, Obesity can be defined as one of the most important health problems of today. It is diagnosed with a high body fat ratio and a body mass index above 30.


Thyroid gland diseases:


It is a butterfly-shaped organ located in front of the trachea in the neck. It plays a role in the body's functions such as metabolism, heat, oxygenation, and response to stress. Thyroid gland diseases are common in society. Goitre (thyroid gland enlargement), hypothyroidism (underwork), hyperthyroidism (overwork), thyroiditis (inflammation), thyroid nodules, thyroid cancers.


Osteoporosis and other bone diseases:


Known as osteoporosis. a very common disease. It affects both sexes. Early diagnosis and prevention are very important. Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease that results in low bone mass and deterioration of the structure of bone tissue, resulting in an increased tendency to fracture bones.


Hyperlipidaemia or dyslipidaemia:


A cholesterol fragment known as HDL is being low, or high triglyceride levels. There are many reasons for the disorder in the lipid balance in the body, like genetic predisposition, eating and drinking habits, inactivity, and excessive stress.


Adrenal gland diseases:


Adrenal Glands secrete some vital hormones. It is the place where the hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline, which are very well known as stress hormones, as well as the cortisol hormone and weak androgens, are made.


Other endocrine problems:


Problems with electrolytes and minerals such as calcium, sodium, potassium, and phosphate, vitamin deficiencies, reproductive health, and sexual dysfunction are common disorders in the field of endocrine diseases.

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