Hypertension

yuksek-tansiyon

How do I cope with high blood pressure?
 
What is blood pressure?

Tension simply “blood pressure” can be defined as. our blood vessels, produces a pressure during circulation. This pressure, received food, the work can vary slightly throughout the day in connection with spent force. Blood pressure is expressed in two dimensions:

Systolic pressure (large blood pressure)
Diastolic pressure (Small blood pressure)
What is Hypertension?

The high continuous blood pressure at a certain time of day, high blood pressure (hypertension) is defined.

Hypertension is a serious health problem. Hypertension may be the result of both a cause and a variety of health problems.
 
How to measure?

To measure true blood pressure should pay attention to the following issues:

shortly before the measurement should not smoke or drink coffee.
People should be resting.
Measurements should be done in the proper position.
Clutches size of the meter must be appropriate.
Two consecutive measurements must be made.
It is great pressure on the 140 and a diastolic pressure of 90 and above indicates high blood pressure.
Adult normal blood pressure of a person is a great little pressure is less than 80 120.
If between 120-139 systolic and diastolic pressure between 80-89 it shows that this situation is be on the verge of high blood pressure.
What cause?

High blood pressure is an insidious disease. Because of this feature can be seen at any age. It occurs without symptoms. In some cases, people may be sutured life without knowing that high blood pressure problem.
 

Suggesting that high blood pressure factors are as follows:
fatigue
Shortness of breath
Defect of vision
Headache
Nose bleeding
Fatigue
Palpitation
In such cases it should consult the physician.
High blood pressure is not controlled:
Heart disease
Paralysis
Heart failure
Kidney disease
Blindness
It may be the cause.
 
Hypertension groups

High blood pressure is evaluated in two groups:

Primeresansiyel hypertension

It is not due to a certain reason.

secondary hypertension

Kidney disease
Cardiovascular diseases
Endocrine causes
Drug effects can occur and other reasons.
Primary-essential hypertension

There is no obvious reason. It constitutes 95 percent of patients with hypertension.
30 – 45 years between starts.
There is frequently a family history.
It is greater in men up to 50 years.
It increases after menopause in women.
circumstances suggesting secondary hypertension

There are 5 percent of patients with hypertension.
Very young or older age, lack of family history, physical examination, laboratory tests and hypertension is of dubious degrees.
does not respond to treatment and blood pressure.
The blood pressure starts to rise taken under control.
Stage III hypertension to be seen.
suddenly start to hypertension.
The exams required for tetkikleryapıl to be done, if it aims to determine the additional risk factors and target organ damage:

Urine test
Complete blood count
Biochemical tests
Sodium
Potassium
creatinine
Fasting blood sugar
Total cholesterol
ECG
Lung X-ray
Who is at risk? High blood pressure increases the risk factors are as follows:

Cigaret
dyslipidemia
Diabetes
60 years and older
Gender
The presence of hypertension patients in family
Half according to data from the kanunuel; only half of all patients with hypertension know that hypertension. only those who know the half of it being treated. those receiving treatment can really be kept only under the control of blood pressure in half.
 
So what to do?

lifestyle must change in order to cope with high blood pressure. These preferences are as follows:

People should know that weight loss is healthy and should be allowed to stand in weight
Salt consumption should be reduced
Alcohol consumption should be very restrained
Regular physical activity should be considered important
Smoking should be avoided
What is a healthy weight? Healthy weight of a person, belirlenir.b of the person’s weight and body mass index, which is calculated by dividing by height in meters.

Sample:
70 Weight, height, body mass index 1.72 of a person who:

70 / 2.95 (1.72×1.72 = 2.95) = 23.72

those between body mass index of 25-29.9 overweight, and above 30 who are overweight (obese) is counted.
Healthy weight in determining waist circumference measurement can be taken. Waist circumference less than 88 cm in women, should be less than 102 cm in men.

Diet and daily life

The importance of proper nutrition to stop hypertension is great. Saturated fat and low cholesterol foods should be selected.

Correct: fruits, vegetables and reduced fat dairy products, grains, fish, chicken / turkey.
False: red meat, sweets, drinks containing sugar and salt.

most of the day, a teaspoon of salt (6g) should be taken. However, it should also remember to take food with salt. In particular, it is more sensitive to salt and elderly should be more careful.
Alcohol abuse should be minimized. Excess alcohol increases the blood pressure, liver and cardiac damage. because it contains more calories can lead to weight problems. Alcohol addiction is a day for women and men need to be drinking more than two glasses. Daily activities also helps to keep blood pressure in balance. Day of moderate exercise for at least four days a week for 30 minutes and can be done easily.
 
Questions and answers with high blood pressure
 
Is Hypertensive patients can exercise?
Exercise can not be done and how to do an exercise can be done “exercise test” determined by.

My blood pressure under control with medications What are the benefits of exercise?

Exercise lowers blood pressure is an important part of the treatment of hypertension.
Drug doses can reduce or eliminate the need to use drugs.
It reduces the risk of heart and other chronic diseases.
It makes people energetic, reduces stress.
It helps to control body weight.
Strengthen muscles and bones.
What are the risks of doing exercise?

early death
Heart disease
Obesity
Hypertension
Diabetes
Osteoclasis
blockages in brain arteries and stroke
Depression
Bowel / breast cancer
I use drugs, exercise affect my performance? Yes, many hypertension medications can reduce the exercise performance. However, there is no need for it to drug discontinuation.
 
How can I expect my blood pressure drop with exercise?

Research shows blood pressure and mild to moderate hypertension that regular exercise lowers average of 10 mmHg. However, to ensure long-term benefits will be much higher.
 
How do I apply for an exercise program?

Medium and make risk analysis before they start their severe workouts and passing a pre-exercise test is emphasized.
Get feedback from an experienced expert or your doctor if you do not exercise test yaptıra.
 
What Exercise Testing (ET)? Which measurement is done?

ET, circulatory and respiratory system is a test that measured their capacity during physical stress. During exercise, “cardiopulmonary competence” and “being healthy” is directly related.

before the exercise test measurements
risk analysis, physical examination
Rest ECG (electro heart), spirometry
Measurement of body composition
measurement of basal metabolism
During the exercise test
EKG, gas analysis (VO2, VCO2)
blood pressure measurement condition
After exercise test (recovery)
EKG, blood pressure and other measurements
What are the benefits of having an exercise test?

If you investigate a disease caused by exercise.
To evaluate the risk factors at the individual level.
To inform individuals about physical capacities and to pursue their development level.
preparing special exercise prescription on the individual, the type of exercise, duration, frequency, identifying factors such as density.
Heart patients can exercise in
What are the goals of rehabilitation programs for heart disease?

changes in the patient’s clinical to monitored.
To increase the physical activity of patients’ performance, speed up the return to their former activity.
Unsupervised exercise programs to help the establishment.
To create a reliable and effective exercise prescriptions.
provide the necessary patient education.
What is the relationship of heart disease with exercise? Exercise is an integral part of the rehabilitation program for heart disease, but is not sufficient alone.
 
Is my exercise worsening of situation? I can work although I use drugs?

Exercise can cause you a lot of useful progress related diseases. You usually use drugs does not prevent you exercise, there is no need to discontinue the medication. Before starting an exercise program to make sure that your disease under control and must be approved by your doctor.

What are the benefits of exercise on heart disease?

Exercise, angina (chest pain), increases the threshold.
Reduce the heart’s need for oxygen.
Reduce risk factors.
Improve the quality of life.
Improve functional capacity as the cause positive effects in skeletal muscle.
It reduces symptoms associated with the disease. Reduce the rate of hospitalization.
What are the risks of exercise in patients with heart disease?

Carry heavy exercise uncontrolled risk in heart patients.
complications of exercise rehabilitation program significantly reduced the risk of exercise time 100000-300000 1.
Regular exercise and this ratio can be reduced by proper supervision.
How do I apply for an exercise program?
Do not exceed the recommendation from your doctor before starting an exercise program supervised exercise test, along with other assessments to be determined after gerekmektedir.egzersiz test or unsupervised exercise program.

What Exercise Testing (ET)? Which measurement is done?

ET, circulatory and respiratory system is a test that measured their capacity during physical stress. During exercise, “a heart-lung performance” and “being healthy” is directly related.

before the exercise test measurements

risk analysis, physical examination
Rest ECG (electro heart), spirometry
Measurement of body composition
measurement of basal metabolism
During the exercise test
EKG, gas analysis (VO2, VCO2)
blood pressure measurement condition
After exercise test (recovery)
EKG, blood pressure and other measurements
What are the benefits of having an exercise test?

It helps to make the grading and risk analysis of your heart condition
In blood pressure during exercise reveals whether there are abnormal changes
It shows the effectiveness of the treatment being applied

It allows determination of physical performance shows your progress as a result of regular exercise.

People preparing to provide specific exercise prescription, exercise type, duration, frequency, identifying factors such as density.