Back Pain

bel-agrilari

  • 80 out of every 100 people in the community complain of low back pain during his life.
    Low back pain is 70-85% of patients recover spontaneously within 6 weeks.
    Backache; muscle spasm, curvature of the spine, arthritis, rheumatism, osteoporosis, vertebral fractures and may result from a variety of reasons, such as hernia.
    only 2% of low back pain is a herniated disc. but 15% of the actual hernia requires surgery.
    Back Pain happens in the Who?
    Those still working and living arrangement.
    Overweight ones.
    Heavy remove those wrong who bending movement.
    using long tools.
    Those with congenital slipping back.
    Posture ones.
    Weak abdominal and back muscles ones.
    Mid pitted bed sleepers.
    which in the last months of pregnancy.
    dealing with heavy sports.
    Smokers.
    Those in stress and depression.
    Spine Anatomy
    There are 3 natural curves of the spine.
    These curves are falling thanks to minimize the amount of load on our spine and allows us to act in a flexible manner.
    5 vertebrae and sacrum, lumbar region (shoulder) is composed of bones.
    The vertebrae form the spinal canal through which the spinal cord through overlapped.
    Spine protects the spinal cord and the nerves of the spinal cord.
    Omura, front disc pads are called, they are held back by the so-called facet joints.
    Disks are shock absorbers jelly consistency that prevents friction of the vertebrae.
    Discs evenly distribute and transmit the load to the lower levels in a balanced way.
    Disc consists of two parts: a solid, jelly-like fibrous exterior and soft interior.
    The outer portion and inner portion retains the flexible movement.
    They hold the vertebrae together with the rear 2 facet joint.
    5-20% of the facet joints carry the body burden.
    If an increased amount of force exerted on joints due to misuse occurs deterioration and separation in the joints.
    Backbone also connects (ligament) and supported by muscles. Muscles control the movement, it supports the spine and gives sturdiness.
    orders given by our brain, the spinal cord is responsible for transportation to other parts of the body.
    Leg muscles, the bladder, gives the nerve branches to the sexual organs.
    This nerve, leg movement, sensation, allows urine-excreting control and sexual function.
    Poor posture, Beli Bad User
    Stand in the same position for a long time is the biggest enemy of the waistline. In daily life, causing wear waist every wrong move or bad posture, improper mechanics waist.
    Bel Eclipse, Muscle Spasm
    Usually caused by excessive strain or tear muscles or ligaments that support the lower back. It is the body’s response to painful muscle spasms.
    Seasonal temperature changes, wind and air flow increases muscle spasms.
    Slipped disc
    Both lumbar cushion between the cartilage that acts as a jelly-like tissue slippage or flooding.
    Taking a piece of cartilage from the back of the legs, causing pain and sciatica complaints to make pressure on the nerve leading to our feet.
    coughing, straining while, but sneeze back and leg pain increases.
    Most of the patients bed rest and get rid of the complaints with drug therapy.
    If you continue to press on the spinal nerve and leg muscle weakness, sensory loss, decreased reflexes, can develop symptoms such as urinary incontinence.
    The narrowing of the spine canal
    Narrowing of the canal through which the spinal cord and nerves, is caused by compression of nerves.
    It mainly occurs in older age.
    in the legs after walking a certain distance pain, numbness and manifests itself with a limp
    Slip the vertebrae (spondylolisthesis)
    Characterized by a shift from each of the lumbar vertebrae “spondylolisthesis” the cause of back pain. Motion pain increases.
    Format Disorders
    Also in the waist
    curvatures (scoliosis)
    flattening (lordosis)
    The openings in the back (spina bifida)
    extra or missing lumbar vertebrae (lumbalizasyon sacralisation) can cause back pain.
    Stress, Stress, Smoking
    Stress is the main cause of low back pain and increase the kronikleştiren. Economic, social and psychological problems increase back pain.
    Smokers that congestion in the veins leading to the lower back disk destruction occur faster bone healing would be too late.
    Laugh, work, and social activities and life commitment to our most important weapon against back pain.
    Overweight
    It is objectionable because it increases the amount of freight carried by our waist.
    Arthritis-Osteoarthritis
    Age progression of bone structure, begins to tear the ligaments and discs.
    Lose bone calcium content and more brittle.
    The worn-out tissue of the body as a natural reaction to prevent it
    calcination and still want to make here for.
    The new small bones are calcified ligaments and narrowed distances to drive back by compression of nerves, waist, legs and cause general body aches.
    Osteoporosis (Osteoporosis)
    Osteoporosis mainly women easily break causing koflug and softening in hastalığıdır.Kemiklerde and therefore gives rise to pain.
    Lack of calcium and vitamin D in the diet, sedentary life, early menopause, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, corticosteroids increase the risk of osteoporosis.
    Rheumatism
    The body’s immune system develops as a result of open war against its own cells. normal bone and cartilage in the spine are damaged.
    Rheumatoid Arthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis can lead to diseases such as pain and swelling in the joints and restricts daily movements.
    morning stiffness and stiffness seen stimulant for rheumatic diseases.
    Treatment
    Low back pain, drug, can be treated with surgery or non-surgical techniques to date. The shape of the patient’s treatment history, clinical examination and evaluation of the data obtained with the results of radiological examinations are determined by the physician.
    Drug therapy with bed rest, analgesics, anti-inflammatory and muscle relaxant drugs.
    Whom surgical treatment is recommended?
    Those with spine tumor or abscess,
    Who lost control of urine and feces (cauda equina syndrome), (requiring emergency surgical treatment)
    Progressive muscle strength loss, to the loss of sensation and reflexes, (neurological deficit ones)
    Despite treatment it takes 4-6 weeks to those complaints,
    Some types of vertebral fracture which,
    Spondylolisthesis in the spine (low back shift) or those with abnormal mobility of the waist.
    Current Nonsurgical Techniques
    Injection
    Radiofrequency
    Epidural Injection
    Facet Blog
    The facet denervation
    Nucleoplasty
    vertebroplasty
    kyphoplasty
    Low back pain is to pull
    Make good use of your waist
     
    Waist to get rid of the pain or the need to stay away from factors causing pain to pull back pain.
     
    The exercise
    Bel strengthen weak muscles and spine.
    reducing the mechanical loading, increases mobility.
    Wrong posture and correct posture.
    It reduces pain.
    Correct your posture
    Keep your back straight and your lower back.
    Poor posture; hump on the back, the waist increases bulge inward.
    Change position often.
    Especially careful to maintain the normal curvature of the waist.
    Heavy transport
    loads to move both hands equally divided.
    Plan your move in advance.
    Never lift heavy objects.
    Do not force your back
    While bending something from the ground, bend your knees squat.
    Lift the load with your legs not your waist.
    above your waist as much as possible and hold it close to your body weight.
    If you need to return, not your waist, turn your body.
    Fix your Oturuşu
    Pull heavy objects, push and lift upward.
    Sit on the seat properly.
    If necessary, please supplement your pillows that fit your waist kıvrımı waist.
    Keep straight and sit back while sitting.
    Fix your hospitalization
    Prefer lying stiff and orthopedic mattresses.
    Salt is not the right place to lie on the board.
    A small pillow to put on your back under your calf lying will make you comfortable.
    Do not forget!
    You can best protect your lower back. Your doctor can help in this regard and guidance only.